Resources & Training


Department of Labor report on list of goods produced by child or forced labor

Child Trafficking Resource Project

The Child Trafficking Resource Project (CTRP) is part of the Child Trafficking Outreach Initiative, which was created to increase identification of child trafficking survivors in the Los Angeles Area. Child trafficking is an under-identified crime in the Los Angeles area as well as throughout the United States.

DOL Toolkit on Reducing Child Labor and Forced Labor
The Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) within the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) has created a new online resource, "Reducing Child Labor and Forced Labor: A Toolkit for Responsible Businesses." The Toolkit is the first guide for business developed by the U.S. Government focusing on child labor and forced labor practices and is available at this link:

NIJ Study on Trafficking of Migrant Laborers in San Diego
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) within the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) at the U.S. Department of Justice funded a study, "Looking for a Hidden Population: Trafficking of Migrant Laborers in San Diego County." The study, which was conducted by San Diego State and does not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the United States government, found that about 31% (approximately 38,000) of unauthorized Spanish-speaking workers have "experienced an incident that meets the legal definition of human trafficking." The researchers studied the six most common labor sectors in which migrant laborers usually find work. They found that construction, food processing, and janitorial/cleaning were "the top three business sectors with trafficking violations and abusive labor practices." Construction had the highest rate of reported trafficking violations (35%) and abusive labor practices (63%), while agriculture, which employs most undocumented laborers in the northern part of San Diego, had the lowest rate of both reported trafficking violations (16%) and abusive labor practices (27%). To download a copy of the study, go to:

Directory of Training and Technical Assistance Resources on Human Trafficking
Developed by the Office for Victims of Crime and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, this Directory is an excellent resource for practitioners and task forces seeking to expand and enhance their knowledge of anti-human trafficking practices.
Directory of Training and Technical Assistance Resources on Human Trafficking


Identification and Referral for Human Trafficking Survivors in Health Care Settings
Key findings from this survey confirm that human trafficking victims access health care services while they are being trafficked and that health care providers are potentially able to identify and refer a much larger number of human trafficking victims for services. Furthermore, the survey results provide feedback on the current questions being used to identify victims of trafficking in health care settings.The survey results highlight the need for health care providers to receive training and information in order to better support human trafficking survivors.

The 2016 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report
The 2016 TIP report shares policies and best practices already in place and highlights areas of improvement.

Recruitment Revealed: Fundamental Flaws in the H-2 Temporary Worker Program and Recommendations for Change
A report from Centro de Los Derechos del Migrante, Inc.

Caring for Trafficked Persons
A handbook developed in 2009 by the International Organization for Migration and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine for health providers. This essential tool is now available in Spanish, and can be downloaded for free here:
English Version
Spanish Version

Immigrant Workers in US Agriculture 
The Role of Labor Brokers in Vulnerability to Forced Labor (June 2010 Regional Report)

Verite report Help Wanted.pdf

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States

This report by the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council offers a comprehensive response to commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking of minors in the United States. The report offers critical insights into risk factors, legal frameworks, health care, education, victim services and collaboration.

Overworked and Underpaid: H-2A Herders in Colorado

A 2010 report by the Migrant Farm Worker Division of Colorado Legal Services

Human Trafficking In California: The Final Report of the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force

In September 2005, California enacted its first anti-trafficking law (Assembly Bill 22, Lieber) to make human trafficking a felony in this state and assist victims in rebuilding their lives. This law, as well as Senate Bill 180 (Kuehl, 2005), also established the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery (CA ACTS) Task Force to conduct a thorough review of California’s response to human trafficking and report its findings and recommendations to the Governor, Attorney General and Legislature. The law charged the Task Force with examining whether we are doing enough to identify the extent of human trafficking in this state, protect and assist victims, prosecute traffickers and prevent this violation of human freedom.

Collateral Damage: The Impact of Anti-Trafficking Measures on Human Rights around the World
A 2007 report by theGlobal Alliance Against Traffic in Women

The U.S. Response to Human Trafficking: An Unbalanced Approach
The Women’s Commission

A 2007 report by the The Women’s Commission for Refugee Women & Children

Rights to Survival and Mobility: An Anti-Trafficking Activists Agenda
A 2008 report by the National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum

Kicking Down the Door:  The Use of Raids to Fight Trafficking in Persons
A 2009 report by the Sex Workers Project, Urban Justice Center


GAATW Working Paper Series 

MORE ‘TRAFFICKING’, LESS ‘TRAFFICKED’: Trafficking for Exploitation outside the sex sector in Europe
download PDF here >

download PDF here >
FAQ 1: Human Rights in Migrant Smuggling
FAQ 2: Smuggling and Trafficking Intersections

Reconceptualizing Approaches to Human Trafficking: New Directions and Perspectives from the Field(s)*
Loyola Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 2007-47

Trafficking, Demand and the Sex Market
Lin Lean Lim
International Institute for Labor Studies, International Labor Organization

Practitioners’ Guides

Identification and Legal Advocacy for Trafficking Survivors, 3rd Edition*
New York Anti-Trafficking Network

A Guide for Legal Advocates Providing Services to Victims of Trafficking*
Legal Aid Foundation of Los Angeles

Meeting the Legal Needs of Human Trafficking Victims: An Introduction for Domestic* Violence Attorneys and Advocates
Jean Bruggeman and Elizabeth Keyes

The IOM Handbook: Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking
International Organization for Migration

Interviewing Trafficked Person’s Guidelines
World Health Organization

Strengthening Pre-Departure Orientation Programmes in Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines
Download PDF